Main Associations in Liverpool - Liverpool City Region
Throughout its long 800 year history, Liverpool has had many associations,
some of which are still associated with the city centuries later.
During its early years on the banks of the River Mersey,
Liverpool was just a small fishing village that answered to West Derby,
the chief administration in the area.
Following King John's Royal Charter in 1207, the small hamlet began to grow in importance. However, it wasn't until around 1715, when the world's first wet dock was built that Liverpool started to grow exponentially. As droves of people began moving to Liverpool in search of work and riches, its place on the map became evermore prominent.
The Bluecoat School for teaching poor children to read, write and cast accounts was opened in 1718. The Bluecoat was one of the first such institutes of its day and the first of many in Liverpool. By the mid 18th century, Liverpool was thriving economically with many commodities such as coal and cotton, all being shipped to and from the docks.
One particular unfortunate trade around this time was the trans-atlantic slave trade, which merchants from British cities like Bristol, Liverpool, Manchester, London and even Birmingham became increasingly involved in. By the end of the 18th century, the terrible triangle of trade between Britain, America and Africa was at its peak.
As leading progessives like William Roscoe had the courage to denounce the heinous act, the trade eventually became illegal in 1807. Liverpool's association to the abhorent trade can not be underestimated, the opening of the the anti-slavery museum in 2007, acknowledges that fact and shows how far Liverpool has come as a city during that time.
The first museum to open in Liverpool was the World Museum, which originally opened as the Derby Museum in 1851. It comprised of the Earl of Derby's natural history collection, showcasing many of his zoological specimens, including now extinct species like the Dodo, Tasmanian Tiger and the Spotted Green Pigeon, otherwise known as the Liverpool Pigeon. Liverpool has a proud history of museums and art galleries stretching back to this period, all now maintained and protected by the National Museums Liverpool.
The Liverpool Mechanics' School of Arts was founded in 1823, which later became the Liverpool Polytechnic, before finally becoming Liverpool John Moores University in 1992. The university institute is one of the oldest in England, possibly the third oldest behind Oxford and Cambridge.
Today, Liverpool is home to three universities, Liverpool John Moores University, Hope University and the University of Liverpool. These institutions have continued to excel, producing remarkable people that have imprinted themselves on the world stage. Another university that is associated to Liverpool is Edge Hill, named after the area in Liverpool's Kensington, where it was first established.
Over the centuries many businesses have grown out of Liverpool, such as Frank Hornby's immensely popular Meccano, Hornby Model Railways and Dinky Toys. Frank Hornby was a master inventor, his creations were a rival for any toy manufacturer of his day.
Another business that came from Liverpool was the retail and football betting company, Littlewoods. Built by Evertonian entrepreneur Sir John Moores, Littlewoods grew to become the largest private company in Europe by the 1980's.
Another name associated with Liverpool was Woolworths, they were one of the biggest retailers in the UK throughout the 20th century. The first store by the former high street giants opened in Church Street in Liverpool, the iconic retailers were one of the first victims of the financial crash during the early 21st century, they now operate solely as an online business and are owned by the Liverpool based, Shop Direct Group.
Today, Liverpool's most popular newspaper is the Liverpool Echo. They began printing in 1879 as a cheaper alternative to the Liverpool Post and the Liverpool Mercury. They're the lone survivor of the three, the newspaper currently has a large circulation throughout the city region and beyond. They gave their name to the city's new Arena and Convention Centre built in 2008, called the Liverpool Echo Arena.
The Arena and BT Convention Centre was spearheaded by the economic urban development company, Liverpool Vision. They have overseen the development of many of the major regeneration projects in Liverpool in recent years, including Liverpool ONE, the Lime Street Gateway, Princes Dock and the Commercial District.
Another company spearheading a massive investment in the city are the Peel Group, they are Liverpool's biggest infrastructure investment company for the 21st century.
One specific association the city has is sport, football particularly. Both Everton and Liverpool football clubs have consistantly been major players in the world's most popular sport. Both have numerous trophies to their names and both have been ever present in the world's most famous football league. The Merseyside derby is one of the biggest fixtures in the Premier League calendar and rightfully so, given the proud history both clubs boast.
Last but not least, is Liverpool's association with music, the Liverpool music scene has been heard far and wide. From the days of the Merseybeat era, to new contemporary acts and musical genres like Scouse House. This city has always been up there, beating out tunes like no other. Named in 2001 by the Guinness Book of Records as the 'City of Pop', the city's particular brand of music has always proven popular.
Without a doubt though, the biggest brand in Liverpool is the city itself, made world famous by its long history of success on the field, in the markets, on the stage and in its institutions.
Some of the other main associations not mentioned below include; Everton Football Club, Liverpool Football Club, The Mersey Forest, Liverpool Biennial, Liverpool Sound City, Liverpool & Sefton Chambers of Commerce, Liverpool Mencap, Roy Castle Lung Cancer Foundation, Liverpool Association of Disabled People, The Whitechapel Centre, Liverpool Housing Trust, Riverside Housing, Liverpool Science Park, Davy Liver Taxis and South Liverpool Business Network.
Liverpool City Council
Formed in 1974, Liverpool City Council first began as the Corporation of Liverpool way back in 1835. During that time, its purview has increased as Liverpool expanded into a large town and later a city metropolis in 1880. Today it is the largest council in the LCR.
|The Corporation of Liverpool was established||1835|
|The Corporation of Liverpool police force was formed||1836|
|The Liverpool City Council was created||1974|
|Partnered with four local authorities to form Merseyside||1974|
|Joined five other local authorities to form the Liverpool City Region||2009|
Liverpool John Lennon Airport
Liverpool John Lennon Airport is an international airport serving North West England. The airport has been one of Europe's fastest growing airports since the 1990's. The Peel Group has announced a major expansion plan to be completed by 2030.
|Scheduled flights start from the airport||1930|
|Liverpool Speke Airport is officially opened||1933|
|The airport is requisitioned as RAF Speke during the Second World War effort||1939|
|Normal civil airline operations resume and passengers increased from 50,000||1945|
|Passengers numbers rapidly increase to 75,000||1948|
|Control of the airport was taken over by the Liverpool Corporation||1961|
|A new 2.3 kilometre runway was opened by Prince Philip||1966|
|A new modern passenger terminal was opened||1986|
|Privatised with British Aerospace taking a 76% of the new company||1990|
|The Peel Group buy a 76% stake in the airport||1996|
|Passenger numbers for the airport pass 1 million||1999|
|The listed Art Deco style former terminal building is converted into a hotel||2001|
|The airport is renamed after the musical legend John Lennon of The Beatles||2001|
|A new £42.5 million passenger terminal triples its size and capacity||2002|
|Passenger numbers for the airport pass 5 million||2010|
|The Vancouver Airport Services buy a 65% stake in the airport||2010|
|The Peel Group re-establishes 100% ownership of the airport||2014|
|A master plan is announced for significant future growth by 2030||2014|
Merseytravel is the passenger transport executive responsible for the coordination of public transport throughout the LCR. In 2014, the transport authority area was extended to include the whole of the Liverpool City Region, including Halton.
|The Merseyside Passenger Transport Executive was established||1969|
|The Merseyside Passenger Transport Authority is created||1974|
|The transport authority expands to cover St.Helens and Southport||1974|
|Merseytravel expands its area of operation to include the Borough of Halton||2014|
National Museums Liverpool
National Museums Liverpool is a diverse group of museums and art galleries in the Liverpool City Region. The collections in the NML are among the most important and varied in Europe. All of the museums and galleries have free admission
|The World Museum was established in Liverpool||1851|
|The Walker Art Gallery was established in Liverpool||1877|
|The Lady Lever Art Gallery was established in Birkenhead||1922|
|The Merseyside Maritime Museum was established in Liverpool||1980|
|The museum and art gallery group are unified as a national museums group||1986|
|The Border Force National Museum opens at the Merseyside Maritime Museum||1994|
|The National Conservation Centre was opened in Liverpool||1996|
|The Sudley House art gallery is opened in Liverpool||1996|
|The museum and art gallery group becomes National Museums Liverpool||2003|
|The International Slavery Museum was established in Liverpool||2007|
|The National Conservation Centre closes to the public||2010|
|The Museum of Liverpool was established in Liverpool||2011|
University of Liverpool
The University of Liverpool is ranked in the top 1% of universities in the world, it has produced a phenomenal nine Nobel Prize winners during its long history. By opening a university in China in 2006, it established the world's first Sino-British university.
|Founded as the University College Liverpool||1881|
|Became part of the federal Victoria University||1884|
|Professor Oliver Lodge makes the world's first public radio transmission||1894|
|Professor Oliver Lodge makes the UK's first surgical X-ray||1896|
|The Liverpool University Press is founded as only the third in England||1899|
|Sir Ronald Ross wins the Nobel Prize for his work with malaria at the LSTM||1902|
|Granted a Royal Charter as it becomes the University of Liverpool||1903|
|Sir Charles Barkla wins the Nobel Prize for his work on X-rays||1917|
|Sir Charles Sherrington wins the Nobel Prize for his research into neurons||1932|
|Sir James Chadwick wins the Nobel Prize for discovering the neutron||1935|
|Professor Allan Downie began his involvement in the eradication of smallpox||1943|
|Sir Robert Robinson wins the Nobel Prize for work on anthocyanins and alkaloids||1947|
|Har Gobind Khorana wins the Nobel Prize for his work on the genetic code||1968|
|Rodney Porter wins the Nobel Prize for discovering the structure of antibodies||1972|
|Ronald Coase wins the Nobel Prize for his work in Economics||1991|
|Joseph Rotblat wins the Nobel Prize for his efforts with nuclear disarmament||1995|
|Became the first in the UK to establish an independent university in China||2006|
|The QS World University Rankings rate the university in the World's top 100||2008|
|The world leading Computer Science department was ranked 1st in UK||2014|
|The world leading Chemistry department was ranked 1st in UK||2014|
Liverpool John Moores University
At more than 24,000 students, Liverpool John Moores University is Liverpool's largest university by student population and is one of the oldest university in England. The university is named after the founder of Littlewoods, philanthropist Sir John Moores.
|Founded as Liverpool Mechanics' School of Arts||1823|
|The name is shortened to the Liverpool Mechanics' Institution||1832|
|Charles Dickens takes the chair at the Liverpool Mechanics' Institution||1844|
|The Liverpool Nautical College is established||1892|
|The IM Marsh campus is established as the Liverpool Physical Training College||1900|
|Becomes a founder member of the Northern Consortium||1987|
|The Liverpool Polytechnic becomes Liverpool John Moores University||1992|
|Becomes a member of the University Alliance||2011|
Liverpool Hope University
The university began as three seperate colleges that collaborated with each other in 1980, finally becoming Liverpool Hope University in 2005. The three main faculties are: The Faculty of Arts and Humanities, The Education Faculty and the The Faculty of Science.
|St.Katharine's College was established in Warrington||1844|
|Notre Dame College was established in Liverpool||1856|
|St.Katharine's College relocates to Liverpool||1923|
|Christ's College teacher training college is established in Liverpool||1964|
|The 3 colleges are joined under the Liverpool Institute of Higher Education||1980|
|The unified colleges are established under the new title Liverpool Hope||1980|
|Liverpool Hope gains university status||2005|
|Starts a partnership with China's Sun Yat-Sen University in Guangzhou||2007|
The City of Liverpool College
The City Of Liverpool College is a further education college with 6 main college centres and a network of 17 neighbourhood Skills Centres throughout the city. The college offers GCSE's, A-Levels, Vocational Awards and BTEC Certificates or Diplomas.
|Formed by the amalgamation of all the further education colleges in Liverpool||1992|
|A new college campus is opened on Clarence Street||2001|
|A new college campus is opened on Duke Street||2003|
|A new £10m college campus is opened on Vauxhall Road||2003|
|The Bankfield Road site is re-opened following an extensive refurbishment||2006|
|A new multi-million pound Arts Centre extension is opened on Mulberry Street||2008|
|The £35m Learning Exchange is opened on Roscoe Street||2011|
|Wins the 'People Development' award at the Wirral Business Awards||2013|
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
Opened by Sir Alfred Lewis Jones, the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine was the world's first institution dedicated to research and teaching in tropical medicine. It currently has partnerships and projects operating in over 70 countries throughout the world.
|Established as the first institution in the world dedicated to tropical medicine||1898|
|Operates its first overseas expedition to Sierra Leone||1899|
|Wirral parasitologist Joseph Dutton discovers the cause of sleeping sickness||1901|
|Sir Ronald Ross is awarded the Nobel Prize for his work on malaria transmission||1902|
|Opens its first overseas research laboratory in Sierra Leone||1921|
|Expands its curriculum forging links with other institutions across the globe||1946|
|Large investment and expansion leads to higher education institution status||2013|
Liverpool County FA
Liverpool County Football Association was formed in 1892 to lead the successful development of football on Merseyside. The County FA currently run a large number of leagues and cup competitions at various levels throughout the Liverpool City Region.
|Established as the governing body of all Association Football in the County||1892|
Liverpool Vision is an Economic Development Company tasked with leading the physical transformation of the city into the new millennium. It has been instrumental in the creation of many key urban developments within Liverpool.
|Formed as the first Urban Regeneration Company in the United Kingdom||1999|
|Merges with the Liverpool Land Development Company and Business Liverpool||2008|
|Offers integral support for Liverpool at the World Expo in Shanghai||2010|
|Opens a Liverpool Office in London to attract new businesses to the city||2011|
|Organised the hugely successful International Festival for Business in Liverpool||2014|
|Secures a second International Festival for Business in Liverpool for 2016||2014|
Liverpool City Region LEP
The Liverpool City Region Local Enterprise Partnership is the City Region's primary economic development company. Its primary focus is on improving the economic prosperity for the City of Liverpool, the Wirral, Sefton, St.Helens, Knowsley and Halton.
|Formed to bring together businesses and civic leaders across the LCR||2012|
|The Liverpool City Region Combined Authority is established||2014|
|A growth deal is announced with £232m of resources for the LCR||2014|
|An additional £700m of resources for the LCR is announced||2014|
|A further £31.6m of resources is added to the LCR growth deal||2015|
The Liverpool Echo is the Liverpool's most popular newspaper, circulating throughout the City Region, West Lancashire and North Wales. When it merged with Mirror Group Newspapers in 1999, it became a part of the largest stable of newspapers in the UK.
|Established as a cheaper alternative to its sister paper the Liverpool Daily Post||1879|
|Expands internationally and is restructured as part of the Trinity Holdings Plc||1985|
|Merges with Mirror Group Newspapers to become Trinity Mirror Plc||1999|
The Peel Group's key incentive is for long term investment in the North West of England. The Peel Ports division is the second largest ports group in the UK and is currently spearheading a massive investment in the Liverpool city region.
|Established by John Whittaker||1971|
|Embarks on the creation of an airports group buying 76% of Liverpool Airport||1997|
|Acquire 100% of Liverpool Airport renaming it to 'Liverpool John Lennon Airport'||2000|
|Acquire the Mersey Docks and Harbour Company with the Port of Liverpool||2005|
|Announce a £50 billion investment strategy known as the Ocean Gateway||2008|
|Wirral Waters is granted planning permission||2012|
|Liverpool Waters is granted planning permission||2013|